DOCTOR'S Profile
ABOUT Dr. Abhinav Vaidya

Dr. Abhinav Vaidya is Professor of Community Medicine. He holds bachelor’s degree in medicine from Bangladesh (2000), MD in Community Medicine from BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences Nepal (2006), and PhD in Medical Sciences from Gothenburg University, Sweden (2014). 


Besides academics, he has been involved in NCD-related research, policy-development, projects, advocacy, and health promotion. He is the Principal Investigator of NIH-Funded bRISK Project that aim to build research capacity for prevention and control of NCD risk factors in Nepal. He is a Lown Scholar in cardiovascular Health at Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health. He functions as the Member Secretary of Nepal NCD Alliance, and as Governing Board Member of SEAR NCD Alliance.


He has led teams that worked on development of Basic Health Service Package and Emergency Healthcare Package for the Ministry of Health and Population, Government of Nepal. He is Secretary of Association of Health Profession Educationists of Nepal, and General Secretary of Nepal Public Health Foundation. He is currently Senior Vice-president of Nepalese Society of Community Medicine.

Dr. Abhinav Vaidya
NMC Number

bachelor’s degree in medicine from

Bangladesh (2000)

MD in Community Medicine from

BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences Nepal (2006)

  1. Bhandari, B., Narasimhan, P., Vaidya, A. et al. Barriers and facilitators for treatment and control of high blood pressure among hypertensive patients in Kathmandu, Nepal: a qualitative study informed by COM-B model of behavior change. BMC Public Health 21, 1524 (2021).
  2. Shrestha A, Maharjan R, Karmacharya BM, et al. Health system gaps in cardiovascular disease prevention and management in Nepal. BMC Health Serv Res 21, 655 (2021).
  3. Thapa DR, Oli N, Vaidya A, Suominen S, Ekström Bergström A, Areskoug Josefsson K, Krettek A. Determination and evaluation of Sense of Coherence in women in semi-urban Nepal: A part of the Hearthealth Associated Research, Dissemination, and Intervention in the Community (HARDIC) Trial. Kathmandu Univ Med J. Online First.
  4. Kafle S, Vaidya A, Pradhan B, Jørs E, Onta S. Factors Associated with Practice of Chemical Pesticide Use and Acute Poisoning Experienced by Farmers in Chitwan District, Nepal. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health2021,18, 4194.
  5. Sharma SR, Matheson A, Lambrick D, Faulkner J, Lounsbury DW, Vaidya A, Page R. Individual and community experience of rising burden of non-communicable diseases in two case districts of Nepal: a qualitative exploration. Glob Health Promot. 2021 Apr 12:17579759211001718.
  6. Sharma, S.R., Matheson, A., Lambrick, D. et al. The role of tobacco and alcohol use in the interaction of social determinants of non-communicable diseases in Nepal: a systems perspective. BMC Public Health 20, 1368 (2020).
  7. Bhandari B, Narasimhan P, Vaidya A, Jayasuriya R. Theory-based mobile phone text messaging intervention for blood pressure control (TEXT4BP) among hypertensive patients in Nepal: study protocol for a feasibility randomized controlled trial. BMJ Open 2020;10:e040799. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040799.
  8. Shrestha, N., Shrestha, N……Vaidya, A. Prevalence of Smoking among Medical Students in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital. Journal of Nepal Medical Association, 58(226).
  9. Thapa R, Subedi RK, Regmi G, Thapaliya R, Vaidya A. Self-Reported Changes in Risk Behaviours of Cardiovascular Diseases among School Adolescents in Nepal: Application of an Integrated Experiential Learning Approach. Global Heart. 2020; 15(1): 40.
  10. Dhimal M, Karki KB, Sharma SK, Aryal KK… Vaidya A…, et al. Prevalence of Selected Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases in Nepal. J Nepal Health Res Counc 2019 Jul-Sep;17(44): 394-401.
  11. Oli N, Vaidya A, Eiben G, Krettek A. Effectiveness of health promotion regarding diet and physical activity among Nepalese mothers and their young children: The Heart-health Associated Research, Dissemination, and Intervention in the Community (HARDIC) trial. Glob Health Action. 2019; 12(1): 1670033.
  12. Aifah A, Iwelunmor J, Akwanalo C, et al. The Kathmandu Declaration on Global CVD/Hypertension Research and Implementation Science: A Framework to Advance Implementation Research for Cardiovascular and Other Non-communicable Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Global Heart, vol. 14, no. 2, 2019 June 2019: 103-107
  13. Shrestha A, Karmacharya BM, Maharjan R, Vaidya A, et al. Stakeholder Engagement in Planning the Design of a National Needs Assessment for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Management in Nepal. Global Heart, vol. 14, no. 2, 2019: 181-189.
  14. Dhungana SP, Karmacharya RM, Pyakurel P, Shrestha A, Vaidya A. Health information system as an integral component of cardiovascular surveillance system in Nepal. Nepalese Heart Journal 2018; Vol 15(2), 7-10.
  15. Vaidya A. Capacity building: A missing piece in Nepal’s plan for prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (Editorial). Journal of Kathmandu Medical College 2018, 7(4), 131-133.
  16. Oli N, Vaidya A, Eiben G, Krettek A. Changes in children’s diet and physical activity as perceived by their mothers: Impact of a health promotion intervention for mothers in a sub-urban area of Nepal. Journal of Kathmandu Medical College 2018, 7 (4), 140-146.
  17. Pant S, Vaidya A. Over-nutrition in children and influence of parental attributes. Journal of Kathmandu Medical College 2018, 7(3), 102-109.
  18. Gyawali B, Hansen MRH… Vaidya A, et al. Awareness, prevalence, treatment, and control of type 2 diabetes in a semi-urban area of Nepal: Findings from a cross-sectional study conducted as a part of COBIN-D trial. PLoS ONE 13(11): e0206491.
  19. Gyawali B, Neupane D, Vaidya A, Sandbæk A, Kallestrup P. Community-based intervention for management of diabetes in Nepal (COBIN-D trial): study protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Trials (2018) 19:579.
  20. Gyawali B, Bloch J, Vaidya A, Kallestrup P. Community-based interventions for prevention of Type 2 diabetes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Health Promotion International, 2018, 1–13, doi: 10.1093/heapro/day081.
  21. Gyawali B, Mishra SR, Neupane D, Vaidya A, et al. Diabetes management training for female community health volunteers in Western Nepal: an implementation experience. BMC Public Health (2018) 18:641.
  22. Oli N, Vaidya A, Pahkala K, Eiben G, Krettek A. Knowledge, attitude and practice on diet and physical activity among mothers with young children in the Jhaukhel-Duwakot Health Demographic Surveillance Site, Nepal. PLoS One. 2018 Jul 9;13(7):e0200329. 
  23. Mehata S, Shrestha N, Mehta R, Vaidya A, et al. Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Nepal: data from nationally representative population-based cross-sectional study. J Hypertens. 2018 Aug;36(8):1680-1688.
  24. Vaidya A, Oli N, Eiben G, Krettek A. The Heart-health Associated Research, Dissemination and Intervention in the Community (HARDIC) Trial for Nepalese Mothers regarding Diet and Physical Activity: A Process Evaluation. Kathmandu Univ Med J 2017;58(2):107-16.
  25. Sharma SR, Mishra SR, Wagle K, Page R, Matteson A…Vaidya A. Social determinants of common metabolic risk factors (high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high body mass index and high waist-hip ratio) of major non-communicable diseases in South Asia region: a systematic review protocol. BMC Systematic Reviews. (2017) 6:183.
  26. Vaidya A, Oli N, Krettek A, Eiben G. Preference of Food-items and Physical Activity of Peri-urban Children in Bhaktapur. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, Vol 15 No 2 (2017): Issue 36.
  27. Vaidya A, Gyenwali D, Tiwari S, Pande BR, Jørs E. Changes in Perceptions and Practices of Farmers and Pesticide Retailers on Safer Pesticide Use and Alternatives: Impacts of a Community Intervention in Chitwan, Nepal. Environmental Health Insights 2017:11 1178630217719270.
  28. Gyenwali D, Vaidya A, Tiwari S, et al. Pesticide poisoning in Chitwan, Nepal: a descriptive epidemiological study. BMC Public Health (2017) 17:619.
  29. Vaidya A, Oli N, Krettek A. High prevalence of prehypertension in mothers of young children in peri-urban Nepal. Journal of Kathmandu Medical College, Vol. 5, No. 2, Issue 16, Apr.-Jun., 2016.
  30. Thapa P, Aryal KK, Mehata S, Vaidya A. Oral hygiene practices and their socio-demographic correlates among Nepalese adult: evidence from non-communicable diseases risk factors STEPS survey Nepal 2013. BMC Oral Health. 2016 Sep 29; 16(1):105.
  31. Aryal KK, Thapa P,  Mehata S, Vaidya A. Alcohol Use by Nepalese Women: Evidence from Non Communicable Disease Risk Factors STEPS Survey Nepal 2013. J Nepal Health Res Counc. 2015 Jan-Apr;13(29):1-6.
  32. Aryal KK, Mehata S, Neupane S, Vaidya A. The Burden and Determinants of Non Communicable Diseases Risk Factors in Nepal: Findings from a Nationwide STEPS Survey. PLoS ONE 10(8): e0134834. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0134834.
  33. Vaidya A. Communicating the role of academia in the control of non-communicable diseases: identification, involvement and institutionalization (editorial). Health Prospect: Journal of Public Health 2015; 13: 28-29
  34. Oli N, Vaidya A, Subedi M, Eiben G, Krettek A. Diet and physical activity for children's health: a qualitative study of Nepalese mothers’ perceptions. BMJ Open 2015; 5: e008197 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008197.
  35. Choulagai B, Aryal UR, Shrestha B, Vaidya A, et al. Jhaukhel-Duwakot Health Demographic Surveillance Site, Nepal: 2012 follow-up survey and use of skilled birth attendants. Glob Health Action. 2015; 8: 10.3402/gha.v8.29396.
  36. Oli N, Vaidya A, Subedi M, Krettek A. Experiences and perceptions about cause and prevention of cardiovascular disease among people with cardiometabolic conditions: findings of in-depth interviews from a peri-urban Nepalese community. Glob Health Action 2014; 7: 24023.
  37. Vaidya A, Krettek A. Physical activity level and its sociodemographic correlates in a peri-urban Nepalese population: a cross sectional study from the Jhaukhel-Duwakot health demographic surveillance site. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2014, 11:39.
  38. Karki DB, Pant S, Yadava SK, Vaidya A. Measurement of Right Atrial Volume and Diameters in Healthy Nepalese with Normal Echocardiogram. KUMJ (2014), 12(2): 111-13.
  39. Vaidya A. Leadership in health: the concept and the need (editorial). JKMC 2014; 3 (3): 95-6.
  40. Oli N, Vaidya A, Thapa G. Behavioural Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases among Nepalese Urban Poor: a Descriptive Study from a Slum Area of Kathmandu. Epidemiology Research International Volume 2013.
  41. Vaidya A, Aryal UR, Krettek A. Cardiovascular health knowledge, attitude, and practice/behavior in an urbanizing community of Nepal: a population-based cross-sectional study from Jhaukhel-Duwakot Health Demographic Surveillance Site. BMJ Open 2013; 3: e002976.
  42. UR Aryal*, A Vaidya*, S Shakya-Vaidya, et al. Establishing a health demographic surveillance site in Bhaktapur district, Nepal: initial experiences and findings. BMC Research  Notes (2012) 5 (1), 489 (* shared first authorship)
  43. Vaidya A, Oli N, Aryal UR, et al. Disparities in fruit and vegetable intake by socio-demographic characteristics in peri-urban Nepalese adults: findings from the Heart-Health Associated Research and Dissemination in the Community (HARDIC) Study, Bhaktapur, Nepal. Journal of Kathmandu Medical College, Vol. 2, No. 1, Issue 3, Jan.-Mar., 2013.
  44. Vaidya A. Is ethnicity an important determinant of high blood pressure in Nepalese population? A community-based cross sectional study in Duwakot, Nepal. Kathmandu University medical journal (2012) 10 (37), 20-3.
  45. Vaidya A, Pathak RP, Pandey MR. Prevalence of hypertension in Nepalese community triples in 25 years: a repeat cross-sectional study in rural Kathmandu. Indian Heart Journal 6402 (2012) 128–131.
  46. Vaidya A, Krettek A. Is Health Promotion the Starting Point of Primary Cardiovascular Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries Like Nepal? Health Promotion Practice May 2012 Vol. 13, No. 3 412–415.
  47. F Khatun, B Rawat, A Vaidya, et al. Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty in Nepalese Diabetic patients: Do they carry extra risk to revascularization process? Journal of Kathmandu Medical College  (2012);1 (1): 16-20.
  48. Gauchan N, Rawat B, Vaidya A, et al. Coronary Angiographic Findings of Nepalese Patients with Critical Coronary Artery Disease: Which Vessels and How Severe? Webmed Central Cardiology 2012; 3(1):WMC002864.
  49. Vaidya A. Tackling cardiovascular health and disease in Nepal: epidemiology, strategies and implementation. BMJ Heart Asia 2011 3: 87-91.
  50. Vaidya A, Shakya S, Krettek A. Obesity Prevalence in Nepal: Public Health Challenges in a Low-Income Nation during an Alarming Worldwide Trend (Review). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2726-2744.
  51. Vaidya A. Patient Safety: prevention during care. KUMJ 2010; 8(2): 151-2.
  52. Gurung P, Rawat B, Vaidya A, et al. Premature Coronary Heart Disease in Nepal: An Evidence of a Rising Trend from a Hospital-Based Data. Nepal Heart Journal Volume 7 No. 1, November, 2010.
  53. Gurung C, Rawat B, Vaidya A, et al. Coronary Angioplasty Outcomes in the Elderly Nepalese Patients: A Nine year experience from a private Cardiac Centre of a developing country. Nepal Heart Journal Volume 7 No. 1, Nov 2010.
  54. Rajbhandari S, Rawat B, Vaidya A, et al. First Six-years of Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention at Norvic International Hospital: Patient Profle, Procedural Effciency and Follow-up. Nepal Heart Journal Volume 7 No. 1     Nov. 2010 (special issue) (
  55. Vaidya A, Pokharel PK, Nagesh S, et al. Prevalence of Coronary Heart Disease in the Urban Adult Males of Eastern Nepal: A population-based cross-sectional study. Indian Heart Journal 2009; 61 (4): 341-47.
  56. Vaidya A. Salt and high blood pressure are two silent killers: A Nepalese Perspective. Nepal Heart Journal 2009; 6: 79-82.
  57. Vaidya A, Jha N. Half way up the Highway: Can Nepal meet its Health Millennium development goals? JNMA 2009; 48(173): 84-90.
  58. Pradhan SB, Joshi MR, Vaidya A. Prevalence of different types of gallstone in the patients with cholelithiasis at Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal. KUMJ 2009; 7(3): 268-271.
  59. Vaidya A. Need for community-based primary prevention of coronary heart disease in Nepal. KUMJ 2008; 6(4): 435-436.
  60. Vaidya A, Pradhan A, Dudani I, et al. Acquaintance with the actuality: Community Diagnosis Programme of Kathmandu Medical College at Gundu Village, Bhaktapur, Nepal. KUMJ (2008), 6(1): 128-134.
  61. Vaidya A, Pradhan B. Community Participation in Health: A Brief Review and the Experience of Kathmandu Medical College with the Duwakot Community. KUMJ 2008; 6(4): 526-532.
  62. Vaidya A, Pokharel PK, Karki P, et al. Exploring the iceberg of hypertension: A community based study in an Eastern Nepal town. KUMJ (2007), 5(3): 349-359.
  63. Vaidya A, Pokharel PK, Nagesh S, et al. War veterans of Nepal and their blood pressure status: a population-based comparative study. Journal of Human Hypertension 2007; 21:900-903.
  64. Vaidya A, Pokharel PK, Nagesh S, et al. Association of Obesity and Physical Activity in Adult Males of Dharan, Nepal. KUMJ 2006; 4(2): 192-197.
  65. Pokharel HP, Mukhopadhyay A, Vaidya A. Emergency Obstetric Hysterectomy: Experience at B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences. N.J. Obstet. Gynaecol. 2006; 1(1): 34-37.
  66. Rawat B, Vaidya A, Gurung J, et al. Gender Difference in the Coronary Risk factors amongst the Patients with Acute Coronary Events in Nepal. Nepalese Heart Journal 2003; 2 (2): 4-7.
  67. Vaidya A, Joshi L, Karki DB, et al. Benefits of Early Thrombolysis: A case report and Guidelines for the Treatment of Acute Myocardial Infarction. Journal of Kathmandu Medical College 2002; 4: 68-73.
  68. Vaidya A, Gurung J, Sodhi HS, et al. First Two Hundred cases of Coronary Angiography in Nepal. PJMN 2002; 3(1): 38-41.
  69. Mishra CD, Rawat B, Vaidya A, et al. Cardioversion of Atrial Fibrillation with Intravenous Amiodarone: Our Experience. Post graduate Medical Journal of Nepal 2001; 2 (2): 59-61.
  70. Yadav S, Nepal M, Vaidya A, et al. A case of aortic dissection. PMJN 2001; 2 (2): 46-49.
  71. Rawat B, Malla S, Vaidya A, et al. Coronary Risk Factors in Apparently Healthy Individuals. PMJN 2001: 2(1): 56-58.